Jesus, the Messiah
One of the primary themes of the Old Testament is the coming Messiah.
The word “Messiah” or “Anointed One,” or, in Greek, “Christ,” is found in Psalm 2:2 and Daniel 9:25-26.
Psalm 2:2: “The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying . . .”
Prophecy about the Messiah
Some scholars have found more than 400 places in the Old Testament that refer to the coming Messiah.
Author Paul Humber has found 414 prophecies, appearances, or foreshadowings (PAFs) of Christ in the Old Testament. This chapter includes 365 Old Testament prophecies and references to Christ.
Primary Prophecies of Jesus Christ
Some of the primary prophecies of Jesus Christ the Messiah are:
The Messiah would be the seed/offspring of a woman and would crush the head of Satan (Genesis 3:15).
He would be from the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10).
He would be born at Bethlehem of Judah (Micah 5:2).
He would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14).
He would have a throne, a kingdom, and a dynasty, or house, starting with King David, that will last forever (2 Samuel 7:16).
Messiah would be tortured to death (Psalm 22:1-31).
He would be pierced for our transgression and crushed for our iniquities (Isaiah 53:5).
The Name of Jesus Christ
The name “Jesus” in Hebrew literally means “God saves.” The name “Jesus” in Hebrew is “Yeshua.”
In the Old Testament, Yeshua was an alternative form of the name Yehoshua, Hebrew for Joshua (Numbers 13:16, 1 Chronicles 7:27).
Therefore, Jesus is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua.
The name Yeshua is related to the Hebrew verb root “rescue” and one of its noun forms, yesua, “deliverance.”
Yeshua in Greek is “lesous,” and in Latin is “lesus.” The name Jesus in English comes from lesous and lesus.
In the New Testament, which was written in Greek, “Christ” in the Greek is the word “christos,” which means “anointed.”
In the Old Testament, which was written in Hebrew, the word for “Messiah” is “mashiach,” which also means “anointed.”
Therefore, the Greek word for Christ, “christos,” is the Greek equivalent for the Hebrew word for Messiah, “mashiach.”
Therefore, His name could properly be written and spoken as, “Jesus the Anointed One.”